The Horses of Gita -Part 1

The rhythm in Nature

In a lecture by the eminent Sanskrit Scholar, Dr Sampadananda Mishra, he mentions that the ancient Seers were keen observers of patterns. Everything in nature is a periodic harmony. The periodic beat of the heart, the mothly full moon nights, the waves of the sea.. The Seers embarked this aspect of rhythm into creative pursuits. Be it dance, music, poetry or sculpturing.. the creative finesse of the mind seemed to be sparked from the rhythm of nature. Chandas literally meant Joy.

Did the Creators Backtrace?

I had this question in my mind for several days. Understanding this schema of Chandaas itself seems so overwhelming to many of us. How did the poets deliver content in such rhythm? Perhaps they visualised, meditated and moved to a higher state of consciousness and words just flowed to suite their emotion. Kind of reminds of mirror neurons and a spark of external stimulation into the intellect. Currently, we are in the era of graphing, photographing, recording, stimulation.. Perhaps in the era of no graphing, meditation and visualisation played a very big role in evolution and creative space.

Let’s get to the technicalities. What are the Sound units?

There are 2 kinds of vowels-simple and derived.

Simple Vowels
a (अ), i (इ), u (उ), ṛ (ऋ) and ḷ (ऌ)
Derived Vowels
ā (आ), ī (ई), ū (ऊ), ṝ (ॠ), e (ए), ai (ऐ), o (ओ) and au (औ)
Short Vowels
cuba cu-ba Short Short
Long Vowels
novi noo-vi L S
puri puu-ri L S
china ch(ai)-na L S
owl (au)l L
Multi Consonant
bengalooru ben-ga-loo-ru L S L S
california ca-li-forn-ya S S L S
sweden swe-den L L
norway nor-ve L S

Creator’s Paradise

The Jain poet Hemachandra had this theoretical question.. How many combinations of Long and Short sounds were possible in any time unit n? Interestingly, the answer is Hemachandra number which was popularised in the West by Fibonacci. Fibonacci’s number is closely related to the Creator’s paradise Golden Ratio and how much more closer can this realm of Chandas get closer to Creativity?

The Horses of Gita

With the above understanding in place, let’s dive into Anustup Chandas and verses from Gita. Majority of verses fall in the scheme of 8 8 8 8 syllables and Anustup Chandas..

The Anustubh Meter

Finally let us examine the gates and constraints put by Anustubh meter.

REFERENCES

While the analogies are original, some of the inspirations from nature is from this post.

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I write.. I weave.. I walk.. कवयामि.. वयामि.. यामि.. Musings on Life Lessons, Ancient Works on Wellness, Linguistics, Sanskrit, STEM, Patterns

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Sujatha R

Sujatha R

I write.. I weave.. I walk.. कवयामि.. वयामि.. यामि.. Musings on Life Lessons, Ancient Works on Wellness, Linguistics, Sanskrit, STEM, Patterns